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Our Services

Providing Academically-Driven Diagnostic Patient Care

Baylor Pathology provides a broad spectrum of pathological services, using first-to-market technologies and a business-driven approach.

Surgical Pathology

We provide a 24-hour turnaround time on most surgical specimens due to our technical capabilities and advanced histology techniques; including immunofluorescence procedures, immunohybridization procedures and immunohistochemical procedures. All differential diagnoses and their features are addressed. With immediate telephone access to our board-certified pathologists, clients experience personal and collaborative relationships reflecting our commitment to patient care.

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Genitourinary Pathology

The genitourinary Pathology Service of the Division of Surgical Pathology provides comprehensive diagnostic expertise and services relating to the pathology of disorders of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, and urethras. In addition to evaluation by conventional histology, a variety of specialized immunological and molecular tests are routinely available.



Our hematopathology services renders diagnoses using histology, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, cytogenetics and molecular diagnostics to provide comprehensive reporting of hematopoeitic diseases.


Our pathologists work closely with oncologists and surgeons to assist in patient care, incorporating morphologic, immunophenotypic, genotypic, and cytogenetic data to offer diagnostic and prognostic information that is individualized for each patient.

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Breast Pathology

The Breast Pathology Division of our group is one of the two pillars to our Women’s Health Pathology program.  This service provides comprehensive diagnostic expertise covering a wide and diverse array of conditions seen in the breast,, including complex oncologic specimens that require in depth clinical-radiologic–pathologic correlations.



Immunohistochemistry is a method for detecting specific antigens in tissues or cells based on an antigen-antibody reaction. The initial technique was developed in the 1940s using immunofluorescence on frozen tissue. Enzyme-based IHC was introduced in the 1970s. A series of advancements in the technology, particularly during the late 1980s and 1990s, led to the development of antigen retrieval techniques to make IHC possible on nearly all archival tissue. This, coupled with sensitive detection systems, and better antibodies has made this technique routine in surgical pathology and research.

Our laboratory offers a variety of immuno-histochemical services, including the development of assay with new antibodies. We have a stepwise approach to assay development. As a first step, we identify the best primary antibody using several web-based search engines. We utilize the new generation labeled streptavidin, tyramide, and polymer-based amplification systems.


Head & Neck Pathology

The Head & Neck Pathology Service is among the most generalized of all the surgical pathology services, as it encompasses diverse organs within a compact anatomical space (the head and neck). This service evaluates a wide range of specimens including those from the middle and external ear, nasal cavity and sinuses, larynx and pharynx, oral cavity, salivary glands, thyroid and parathyroid glands, and soft tissue and bones in the head and neck.


Soft Tissue

The Bone and Soft Tissue Pathology Service offers comprehensive diagnostic and consultative services to facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of bone and soft tissue tumors.

We provide expert primary diagnoses and second opinions on some of the most difficult and rare cases of bone and soft tissue pathology.


Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Pathology

The Gastrointestinal Pathology Service of the Division of Surgical Pathology provides comprehensive diagnostic expertise and services relating to the pathology of disorders of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract, liver and pancreas. In addition to evaluation by conventional histology, a variety of specialized immunological and molecular tests are routinely available.

Our team includes multiple pathologists with aggregate experience in the several hundreds of years and a core of 5 nationally and internationally recognized and fellowship trained pathologists.


Thoracic Pathology

Our pulmonary pathologists study lung tissue to evaluate the presence of disease and assist in therapeutic interventions.

Our objective is to make comprehensive, state-of-the-art pulmonary pathology services available to both adult and pediatric patients around the world. Our lung pathology team is subspecialty trained in pulmonary pathology and includes a world-renowned mesothelioma expert. In addition, we maintain collaborative relationships with pathologists who are internationally recognized in the diagnosis of lung tumors (carcinoma and mesothelioma) and interstitial lung diseases.


Not only are we diagnosticians, we also partner with physicians to help them make treatment decisions and educate their patients with the goal of achieving the best possible health outcomes. Our pulmonary pathologists are always available for direct consultation with both patients and clinicians.


Dermatopathology is the pathology of the skin. Dermatopathologists evaluate skin biopsies and render diagnoses. This discipline is critical in the appropriate management of many dermatologic conditions, including inflammatory and neoplastic (both benign and malignant).

We have two board certified dermatopathologists who both provide dermatopathology services and also train dermatopathology fellows. Our dermatopathologists have joint appointments in the departments of Pathology & Immunology and Dermatology. They work closely and collaboratively with our excellent dermatologists in the Department of Dermatology. They also provide dermatopathology consultation services on challenging cases to pathologists and clinicians who are not at Baylor College of Medicine.


Orthopedic Pathology

This subspecialty of pathology, also know as bone pathology, is concerned with bone diseases, arthroscopy, tendinitis, rheumatoid nodules, amputations and soft tissue tumors. Our team uses gross and microscopic findings along with the findings of in vivo radiological studies, and occasionally, specimen radiographs to diagnose diseases of the bones.


Gynecologic Pathology

Our Gynecologic Pathology section of the Women’s Health Pathology provides comprehensive gynecologic pathology diagnostic services.  Our fellowship-trained gynecologic pathologists provide diagnostic expertise and consultation to facilitate diagnosis and treatment of complex gynecologic oncology specimens using gross and microscopic evaluation, as well as the latest ancillary techniques including immunohistochemistry, biomarker and molecular testing available at our laboratory. Our service offers a comprehensive test menu utilizing the latest advances in testing platforms to our patients. Immediate round-the-clock telephone access to our gynecologic pathologists will help foster personal and collaborative client relationships reflecting our commitment to our patients. 


Meet our Team

With 40+ subspecialized pathologists, we represent the highest level of comprehensive diagnostic services.

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